Community Voice on Planning first national conference

“Community Voice on Planning (CoVoP) held its first National Conference “NIMBY, reality or slur?” recently at the Queen’s Hotel in Leeds. Formed just over 2 years ago, CoVoP has more than 85 affiliated local community groups across England, including over 20 in the South West. Members are banding together to form a strong cohesive force to fight for changes in the planning system.

Delegates from all over England attended, from as far afield as Devon, Oxfordshire, Cheshire and Yorkshire. Speakers included representatives from the Campaign for Protection of Rural England (CPRE), the Town and Country Planning Association, Beckett University Leeds and CoVoP. Land banking, loss of greenbelt and the flawed methodology for predicting housing requirements were among the topics covered.

Three local MPs, Paula Sheriff, Jason McCartney and Greg Mulholland attended and as a panel, they answered questions from the floor. They were subjected to some fairly stringent questioning as members of CoVoP have felt very frustrated by the lack of community involvement in the planning process and by the perception that Parliament tends to ignore their views until an election is pending. Delegates agreed that with an appeal-led planning system for the largest housing sites now in place, the National Planning Policy Framework has totally failed to deliver the housing that is needed, of the right type and in the right places.

Cheryl Tyler of SAVE MIRFIELD said “ It is well understood that the larger developers prefer to build on virgin green belt land. Some of this will be prime agricultural land that the country can ill afford to lose. In the National Planning Policy Framework, building on green belt should only be under “special circumstances”. When this type of land is used the costs of new infrastructure needed largely falls on the public purse. It would be interesting to see how much more this costs us than building on brownfield first.

Over the whole country there is a real problem with land-banking. This puts up land prices and reduces the number of homes actually built. What happens then is more land is required and so the cycle continues.”

“Buses make people healthier and wealthier”

Improving local bus services can boost employment and improve income, helping to reduce social deprivation, Greener Journeys has found.

It revealed that a 10% improvement in local bus services is linked to a 3.6% reduction in social deprivation across England, taking into account employment, income, life expectancy and skills.

Greener Journeys, a coalition of the UK’s leading public transport organisations, user groups and supporters, commissioned KPMG and the Institute for Transport Studies at the University of Leeds to carry out the research. It is the first to measure the impact of bus services on deprivation.

It found that if the bus services in the 10% most deprived neighbourhoods across England were improved by 10%, there would be significant, tangible improvements to that area.

In this case, the improvements as estimated in the report would be: 9,909 more jobs, as a consequence of a 2.7% fall in employment deprivation; increased income for more than 22,647 people, as a consequence of a 2.8% drop in income deprivation; and 2,596 fewer years of life lost.

Also, 7,313 more people would have adult skills and there would be an increase in post-16 education of around 0.7%.

The report, The Value of the Bus to Society, considered the impact that bus services have on the ability of households to participate in economic and social activities and, ultimately, on levels on economic, social and environmental deprivation. ….

“Flood defences ‘skewed towards wealthy families and regions’ “

“The system for allocating taxpayers’ money to flood defence schemes favours protecting wealthy families and those in the south-east, analysis suggests.

The government has said it applies a strict economic formula to deciding where funding should be spent. But an investigation by the Press Association reveals the methods to determine where funding goes focus on the value of assets protected – which could tilt the system towards richer households and those in parts of the country where house prices are higher.

It has prompted calls for a fairer system to prevent the poor being worst hit by flooding events, which are set to increase as the climate changes.

To secure funding, a flood protection scheme has to demonstrate that it delivers more in benefits than it costs to implement and maintain the defences – by calculating the economic losses avoided through protecting property and infrastructure.

The calculation looks at direct damages for homes and other buildings and their contents, clean-up costs, loss of agricultural production and commercial stock as well as indirect damages such as disruption to transport links, water, electricity or access to amenities.

To calculate losses from homes, properties are divided into 28 standard categories based on age, size and type, according to the Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management manual, which along with an online handbook advises appraisers on how to assess flood defence schemes.

The costs of a given level of flooding for larger properties – for example a detached Victorian house – are considered to be up to several times greater than for smaller homes such as a 1970s semi.

People who are in a higher social class, such as upper-middle or middle class, in professional or managerial roles, are considered to have better-quality household items than working-class families, so losses from their properties are greater.

Treasury guidelines also require appraisers to “cap” or limit the value of the damages expected so they do not exceed the market value of the property – which is likely to be much higher in London and the south-east than other parts of the country.

This means the losses from properties in the south-east could be calculated as higher than elsewhere, making a flood defence scheme that protects those homes look more attractive.

The flood manual says: “This capping at market values creates regional distribution issues (eg houses within the M25 are significantly more expensive than comparable houses in the north of England) for which there is, at present, no official counter-mechanism.”

The system does have measures to level the playing field, with a greater ratio of funding from the government for schemes that reduce flood risk for homes in deprived areas than in wealthier areas, and ways in the appraisal to look at vulnerable households.

And analysis should be done where necessary or practical to give more weight to poorer households, according to Treasury guidelines.

But MP Caroline Lucas, co-leader of the Green party, said it seemed the funding formula was not “fit for purpose”.

“Whether you are rich or poor, having your home damaged by flooding is devastating – and a postcode lottery to decide who gets protection simply isn’t fair. It’s simply wrong for richer areas to get more protection than poorer ones.

“The government should urgently review this policy, and repurpose the formula to give equal protections to people’s homes no matter what their value.

“With climate change accelerating and flooding expected to become a more regular occurrence it’s crucial that the government gets this right.”

Friends of the Earth climate campaigner Guy Shrubsole said: “This is further evidence of how the poorest are hit hardest by floods – something that will only get worse as climate change worsens flooding.

“All communities at risk of flooding must be adequately defended. As climate change worsens extreme weather, communities have every right to press the government for a fairer approach to protect their families, homes and livelihoods.”

An Environment Agency spokesman said: “We know the devastating impact that flooding has on lives and livelihoods.

“We invest in flood defences where the risk is highest, wherever it is across the country and wherever it will benefit the most people and property.

“We give each scheme careful consideration – and this includes additional weighting for regional economic differences.”